Want some pretty flowers in your yard? Grow the common garden flowers from generations ago.
Geraniaceae, pelargonium - Geraniums are perennials that grow best from zones 15 and warmer. In the northern zones they are grown as an annual or a house plant.
Pelargonium domestica - There are various types of pelargoniums, but the Martha Washington type of geraniums are the summer flowering ones our grandmothers grew. It was a standard in their gardens.
They grow up to 3 feet tall with clusters of flowers in pinks, reds, lavender, purple, white and some bi-colors. It blooms during the spring and summer. Prune off the old flowers to keep it blooming.
The standard Martha Washington geranium has scented leaves. But there are other geraniums that have been bred specifically for scented leaves.
Grow geraniums in full sun in the cooler climates and in partial shade in hot climates.
It appreciates fertilizing a couple of times during its growing season.
Petunia hybrids - Petunia is a tender perennial. It will overwinter and or reseed itself in mild climates. In other areas of the country this a common garden flower grown as an annual.
are fragrant and have a distinctive trumpet shaped flower. You may find many
lovely pastel, dark deep colors and bi-colors in single or double
flowers that have ruffles.
They may be grown in your garden and flowerbeds. They make a stunning display in hanging pots.
They like regular garden soil and watering, but they need good drainage. Petunias appreciate a monthly feeding.
Hosta funkia - Hostas also known as the plantain lily are a common garden flower grown not so much for their flowers, but for their large decorative leaves.
They do however bloom in the mid-summer with a tall spike a trumpet shaped flowers that open over several weeks.
There are over 300 different varieties of hostas ranging in size from 6 inches up to 5 feet in height. So when you purchase hostas make sure they will fit into your landscape.
They do appreciate good garden soil and regular watering. They will also grow in poor soil and survive dry times without water. They are a tough common garden flower.
Rosaceae - The modern bush varieties of roses are easy care plants.
One criteria for rose growing is they need six hours of sunlight. It takes the sun to enable rose bushes to produce all their beautiful flowers.
There are varieties that will bloom in the shade, but they are rare.
They flourish under regular watering. However after they are established they will be drought tolerant. They just won't grow and flower as well.
You may chose various Types of Roses for you landscape, specimen roses, shrub roses, climbing roses, etc.
The modern Knockout Rose is fast becoming one of the common garden flowers. It is practically a no-care rose, just some water and possibly an occasional fertilization.
Phlox, Polemoniaceae are annuals or perennials depending on the species. Many phlox are native throughout the United States
Two of the popular species in the United States are the summer phlox and the moss pink, also called a prairie phlox.
It grows from 3 to 5 feet tall with fragrant flowers that bloom during the summer in pink, rose, red, white and lavender shades.
They grow in most garden soils and require average watering.
The plants will multiply and you may divide them every few years and share them with your neighbors.
Phlox subulata - The moss pink or prairie phlox is a perennial native in the prairie areas of the United States. It also grows in most all zones.
It has small evergreen leaves and it creeps and spreads. It does well in a rock garden. It is moderately drought tolerant and does not require rich soil.
This was a new plant for me when I moved from Florida to Missouri. The hot pink spring flowers caught my eye when not much else was blooming.
Hemerocallis - Daylilies are hardy perennials grown in all zones. There are evergreen and deciduous varieties.
They grow in all types of soil, in sun or shade. In hot areas they appreciate some afternoon shade.
They bloom on branched stems held above their grass-like leaves. A daylily flower opens and lasts just for the day. But more buds on the same flower stem will open the next day and so on.
There are early, mid and late summer varieties of daylilies. So choose several varieties to have an extended flower season during the summer.
The most common colors of daylilies are orange, yellow, white, pink and red. Daylilies
make cut flowers. Cut the entire flower stem for a vase of water. When one flower
fades, snap it off and buds farther down the stem well open the next day, etc.
Daylilies grow from tuberous roots that multiply. When they plants stop producing as many flowers, they are ready to be divided.
Dig the large clump of daylilies and divide it into sections with several lilies in each section. Dig a hole 12 inches wide and 12 inches deep. Mix the soil from the hole with organic matter.
Then make a pyramid of soil in the bottom of the hole. Place the daylily on top of the pyramid and spread their roots down over the sides of the mound of soil. Put your remaining soil mixture around the daylily and firm it with your hands. Water it thoroughly.
They will grow and flower well for more years. Daylilies generally need to be divided every four or five years.
Irises grow in all zones from bulbs or rhizomes depending on the type.
The most well-known iris is the bearded iris. There are also Dutch iris, Japanese iris and Siberian iris.
They all come in a variety of colors and sizes. They bloom at different times, but generally during the spring or early summer.
Iris iridaceae - The Bearded iris is a common garden flower and the most recognized type of iris.
Iris will grow in most all types of soil. Fertilize them in the early spring.
Nowadays there are also some varieties of bearded iris that re-bloom in the fall. Give this type of iris a second fertilization in the middle of the summer to promote the fall flowers.
The iris will multiply and you may divide them every four or five years in the fall. Cut the rhizomes apart with a sharp knife and re-plant them.
Other common garden flowers are the annual marigolds, the perennial chrysanthemums and the annual zinnias. They are all easy to grow daisy type flowers.
They are very attractive to both butterflies and hummingbirds. Many of your garden flowers will feed and attract butterflies.