Growing raspberries is quite common in Europe and many parts of the United States. They are a delicious treat to eat fresh or in jams, jellies and desserts.
The raspberry, is a keto friendly fruit. It is
a perennial related to roses in the Rosaceae family. Raspberry fruit may be red, yellow, purple or black. The yellow raspberries have the sweetest fruit.
Where there is severe weather winter weather, in late fall remove the canes from their trellis. Gently bend them down towards the ground and cover them with a heavy mulch for the winter.
Raspberries can be grown as freestanding shrubs, if they are properly
pruned. Generally they are staked or grown on a trellis. (Trellis system, below)
is produced on biennial canes (branches) during their second year, then
the canes die. The perennial plant continues to grow and will give you
plenty of fruit for 15 to 20 years.
PLANTING - Make your rows 7 or 8 feet apart for growing raspberries. Plant the raspberries 30 to 36 inches apart.
It is essential they have well-drained soil that will retain some moisture. So mix plenty of rotted manure or peat into the soil before planting.
Raspberries are planted from dormant plants during the early spring.
After you plant the raspberry canes in the soil, cut them back to about 6 inches above the soil.
Water deeply and apply mulch to retain moisture.
CARE - Be sure and keep the weeds down when you are growing raspberries. Do not hoe up close to the raspberry plants because they have shallow roots.
The first year your new raspberry plant will produce 3 to 5 canes during the growing season. These canes will produce your berries the following year.
After a cane produces the berries, it will die. These canes will be cut off at the ground the next spring.
Red Raspberries - Prune your raspberries in the early spring. Remove all dead or damaged canes. Let the raspberry plant develop suckers 12 inches around the original plant. Select 8 to 12 canes within the 12 inches around the plant.
Tie the canes to the top wire of your support. Cut the canes back to 4 1/2 to 5 feet. The fruit bearing laterals will grow from these canes.
Harvest your raspberry fruit when they change color. Check them each day, a deep red color with a dull coating means the raspberries are ready to be harvested.
Black Raspberries - Black Caps do not form suckers. You may start new plants by putting the tip of a cane into the garden soil. It will root and grow a new plant.
The first year just let the plants grow.
SECOND YEAR - In the early fall, head back the free-standing canes to 18 to 24 inches to force the laterals to grow. On a trellis head back the canes to 2 to 3 feet to force the lateral growth.
EACH SPRING - Prune in the early spring when the buds are swelling, but have not leafed out. If the plants have leafed out, pruning will weaken the plant.
Remove all weak, dead and damaged canes, cut them off at the ground.
Choose about 4 to 6 strong, healthy canes per plant. On strong canes, cut the laterals back to 10 to 15 inches. On weak canes cut the laterals back to 3 or 4 inches.
The keto friendly fruit will be produced on the side shoots that grow from these laterals.
Growing raspberries will give you an abundance of fresh fruit for the table, plus extra for freezing and canning.