Learn how to grow blackberries. They are easy to grow in the home garden.
Blackberries are a popular, native fruit of Asia, Europe and the Americas. They are grown commercially in the United States. The largest production is from Oregon.
We can grow blackberries in our own backyards. They are very productive and the plants live for years.
Blackberry plants are perennials that live from 15 to 40 years.
Blackberries grow long, flexible canes, 10 to 12 feet long.
The fruiting canes are biennial. They produce fruit the second year.
After the fruit is produced the cane dies.
But don't worry, the plant grows new canes grow each year.
So, growing blackberries takes patience.
When you know how to grow blackberries, you will have a steady harvest of delicious fruit, year after year.
Blackberries grow throughout the United States in zones 4 to 10.
They will produce fruit in the shade, but not as much.
If your soil does not drain well, then grow them in raised beds to improve the drainage.
After they are established they are more tolerant of drought, but plenty of water increases the fruit production.
The berries are a little smaller than the erect type, but they are quite tasty. They produce two weeks earlier than the erect type.
If the trailing type of blackberry is left unattended, they will produce a thorny thicket. They need to be grown on a two wire trellis, similar to raspberries.
The upright types have stiff canes and they may be grown free-standing. Generally however, they are grown on a trellis for a little support.
Blackberries are planted in the spring from dormant
plants. If your new plants look dried out, soak them in water an hour
or two before you plant them.
Plant the blackberries 3 to 5 feet apart in the rows eight feet apart.
The trailing type needs at least 10 feet between the rows.
Don't worry blackberries are fast growers.
HOW TO CARE FOR BLACKBERRIES
Keep your blackberries well-watered.
Fertilize them twice times a year with a 10-10-10 fertilizer, in the spring before the growth starts and again in early summer.
Keep the weeds pulled out and pull all the suckers from between the rows.
Let your new blackberries grow the first year.
PRUNING YOUR BLACKBERRIES
Since blackberries canes are biennial, only train the one year old canes up on the trellis.
BLACKBERRIES - Choose 12 to 14 strong, healthy canes for the trellis.
Prune these back at 8 feet. They will grow laterals (side branches) that
will produce the fruit the next year. This is the best way how to grow blackberries.
Next spring, before the canes leaf out, cut the laterals back to 1 foot. Small branches will grow from these laterals and produce fruit during the summer.
Each year, let the new canes that grow during the summer ramble on the ground under the trellis. Train them up the next spring.
ERECT BLACKBERRIES - They actually don't need a trellis, but it keeps them more orderly. They are easier to handle and harvest the fruit.
After the first year of growth, the next spring choose 4 to 8 canes to train on the trellis.
Tie them to the trellis and head them back to 2 1/2 feet to force the laterals to grow and produce your keto friendly fruit.
During the early summer top the canes to 3 or 4 feet to force more laterals.
Top them when it's not going to rain for a few days. The pruning cuts need time to heal over to prevent fungus from entering the cut wound.