what are the types of vegetables can you grow in your home garden?

There are different types of vegetables. Some vegetables are perennials such as peppers, okra and asparagus.

There are biennial vegetables that live two years, like Swiss chard.

But, we grow most of our home garden vegetables as annuals. There are some exceptions such as asparagus and artichokes.

gardening is great for all ages, young and old alike

  • Get the children involved. Teach them the skills and joys of gardening.

Growing different types of vegetable is great for the children.Gardening is great for the children!
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types of vegetables

We will divide the vegetables into categories according to when and where they will grow. And why we grow the different types of vegetables.

  • Many of the vegetables will overlap into more than one category.

There are above ground vegetables and root vegetables. The majority of our vegetables such as tomatoes and cucumbers, grow above ground.

Root vegetables like carrots, potatoes and beets have an expanded root. They may be grown in the summer and stored for the winter's food supply.

Root and above ground types of vegetables are rather self-explanatory, so we won't be listing them here.


easy vegetables to grow

  • These stand-by vegetables are commonly grown by the seasoned gardeners. They are tried and true. And they great for any gardener, especially those just starting with their first garden.

This dozen or so vegetables are easy for the beginning gardener. The seeds and transplants of these popular vegetables are readily available.

You will find them in your local garden stores or on-line. These vegetables are productive and simple to grow.

easy vegetables

  • Beets
  • Carrots
  • Cucumbers
  • Garlic
  • Green Beans
  • Hot Peppers
  • Leaf Lettuce
  • Onions
  • Peas
  • Potatoes
  • Radishes
  • Spinach
  • Swiss Chard
  • Summer Squash
  • Tomatoes (cherry)




cool weather vegetables

  • Cool season vegetables are generally planted in the spring as soon as the soil can be worked. Many may be planted 2 to 6 weeks before the last spring frost.

These vegetables like to grow in cool weather. The warm temperatures of summer will cause them to bolt and go to seed.

They may be planted again in late summer or early fall for another harvest before the winter weather sets in.

Many of the cool season types of vegetables can endure frost. Frost even improves the flavor of Brussels sprouts and kale.

cool season vegetables

  • Arugula
  • Artichokes
  • Asparagus
  • Beets
  • Broccoli
  • Brussels Sprouts
  • Cabbage
  • Carrots
  • Cauliflower
  • Celery
  • Chives
  • Endive
  • Fava Beans
  • Garlic
  • Kohlrabi
  • Kale
  • Leeks
  • Lettuce
  • Mustard
  • Onion
  • Parsnips
  • Parsley
  • Green Peas
  • Radicchio
  • Rhubarb
  • Rutabaga
  • Radishes
  • Spinach
  • Swiss Chard
  • Turnips



summer gardens are everyone's favorite.

  • Wait at least two weeks after the last frost before planting your summer vegetables. The air should be warm and many require the soil temperatures to be at least 60 degrees.

Summer vegetables love the warm weather. They are planted after all danger of spring frosts have gone by. Most of them would be damaged or killed by frost.

Many of these warm weather, summer vegetables will sit and sulk in cool weather. The seeds will not germinate and the plants will not grow until the weather warms up.

summer vegetables

  • Beans
  • Collards
  • Corn
  • Cucumbers
  • Eggplant
  • Melons
  • Okra
  • Peppers 
  • Pumpkin
  • Summer Squash
  • Southern Peas
  • Shallots
  • Sweet Potato
  • Tomato
  • Winter Squash




vegetables that will grow in shade

  • Many types of vegetables will grow in partial shade, two to six hours of sun. They will just grow slower and produce later.

Most vegetables need full sun to grow and produce well. Six hours of sun is best, eight hours is better.

Many of us garden where buildings or trees block the sun. Our garden areas don't have the luxury of full sun. So it pays to know which vegetables are shade-tolerant.

shade and partial shade vegetables

  • Arugula
  • Beets
  • Bok Choy
  • Broccoli
  • Brussels Sprouts
  • Cabbage
  • Carrots
  • Cauliflower
  • Celery
  • Endive
  • Escarole
  • Garlic
  • Green Onions
  • Kale
  • Kohlrabi
  • Leaf Lettuce
  • Leeks
  • Mustard
  • Parsnips
  • Peas
  • Potatoes
  • Radicchio
  • Radishes
  • Rutabagas
  • Scallions
  • Sorrel
  • Spinach
  • Swiss Chard
  • Turnip Greens
  • Watercress



keto vegetables

Keto eating is popular today. It includes eating fruit and vegetables that a low in carbohydrates.

  • Many of our easy to grow and popular types of vegetables are suitable for the keto style of eating.

Asparagus, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, celery, cucumber, eggplant, green beans, kale, lettuce, mushrooms, peppers, spinach, Swiss chard, tomatoes, zucchini and watercress are all keto friendly vegetables.

How many carbohydrates are in raw vegetables?


more info on the types of vegetables for you

  • Plant tags hold valuable information about the types of vegetables.

They will tell you whether the vegetables like to grow in the sun or shade.

They will suggest planting the vegetable in the ground or if they are suitable for containers.

They tell you how far apart to plant them. This gives you an idea how large the plants will be.

  • Seed packets not only describes the vegetable, but they will tell you when to plant the seeds in your area.

They also tell you how deep and how far apart to plant the seeds. They give suggestions on soil and watering requirements.

  • Talk to other gardeners and the nurserymen in your area. They are a wealth of information.

They all have their favorite varieties and they know what grows well in your area. They can give you seasonal hints on planting and harvest times for your area.


enjoy your gardening!


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